KARACHI: Police, civil bureaucracy and political parties in Pakistan have remained at top three levels in corruption in Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer, 2013 released here on Tuesday.
Sohail Muzaffar, Chairman, and Syed Adil Gilani, Advisor of the TI Pakistan released the corruption survey at a press conference held at the Karachi Press Club. Huguette Labelle, the Chairperson of the organisation also released the report in Berlin.
According to the survey some 67 percent people in Pakistan consider police as ‘extremely corrupt’, while 58 percent believe civil servants, and 54 percent blame political parties as most corrupt. Some 17 percent people are convinced that corruption also prevails in the Army but 26 percent do not see corruption in the armed services. When asked about judiciary only 13 percent people declared it is not corrupt, however, 25 percent see corruption in this institution. Similarly, only 13 percent people see no corruption in media, while 18 percent believe otherwise.
According to the survey land services, police and utilities in Pakistan have collected more bribe from common people. Interestingly, religious bodies are shown less corrupt than all other sectors in the survey report.
According to the report 54 percent people in Pakistan believe that corruption level in Pakistan is increased a lot during last two years in the country. Some 46 percent say personal contacts are more important to get things done in public sector. Some 48 percent believe a big few entities acting into their own best interests in the government.
Some 52 percent of people are very much disappointed of the government’s actions in fight against corruption, declaring those ‘very ineffective’.
The TI said more than one person in two thinks corruption has worsened in the last two years, but survey participants also firmly believe they can make a difference and have the will to take action against graft.
According to the TI representatives the Global Corruption Barometer 2013 is based on a survey of 114,000 people in 107 countries and it shows corruption is widespread. Some 27 percent of respondents have paid a bribe when accessing public services and institutions in the last 12 months, revealing no improvement from previous surveys.
They said that still nearly nine out of 10 people surveyed would act against corruption and two-thirds of those who were asked to pay a bribe had refused, suggesting that the governments, civil society and business sector need to do more to engage people in thwarting corruption.
“Bribe paying levels remain very high worldwide, but people believe they have the power to stop corruption and the number of those willing to combat the abuse of power, secret dealings and bribery is significant,” the TI representatives quoted Labelle, Chairperson of the organisation.
According to them the Global Corruption 2013 also found that in too many countries the institutions people rely on to fight corruption and other crime are themselves not trusted. Some 36 countries view police as the most corrupt, and in those countries an average of 53 percent of people had been asked to pay a bribe to the police.
Some 20 percent view the judiciary as the most corrupt, and in those countries an average of 30 percent of people who had come in contact with the judicial systems had been asked to pay bribe.
Sohail Muzaffar stressed upon the government to address corruption with an iron hand as the economic condition of Pakistan is at its lowest level due to rampant corruption in the country. Syed Adil Gilani expects that the PML-N government will adhere to the promises made in their election manifesto of ‘zero tolerance to corruption’ in Pakistan.